OBIS

Ocean Biodiversity Information System

Initiative Type: Infrastructures

Beleフ[ Statement Area: Climate Variability, Ocean Resources

Initiative Location: Afghanistan,Albania,Algeria,Angola,Argentina,Australia,Austria,Azerbaijan,Bahamas,Bangladesh,Barbados,Belgium,Belize,Benin,Brazil,Bulgaria,Cabo Verde,Cameroon,Canada,Chile,China,Colombia,Comoros,Congo,Cook Islands,Costa Rica,Cテ?ツエte dテ「ツ?ツ?Ivoire,Croatia,Cuba,Cyprus,Czech Republic,Democratic Peopleテ「ツ?ツ?s Republic of Korea,Democratic Republic of the Congo,Denmark,Djibouti,Dominica,Dominican Republic,Ecuador,Egypt,El Salvador,Equatorial Guinea,Eritrea,Estonia,Ethiopia,Fiji,Finland,France,Gabon,Gambia,Georgia,Germany,Ghana,Greece,Grenada,Guatemala,Guinea,Guinea Bissau,Guyana,Haiti,Honduras,Iceland,India,Indonesia,Iran,Iraq,Ireland,Israel,Italy,Jamaica,Japan,Jordan,Kazakhstan,Kenya,Kiribati,Kuwait,Lebanon,Libya,Madagascar,Malaysia,Maldives,Malta,Mauritania,Mauritius,Mexico,Monaco,Montenegro,Moroco,Mozambique,Myanmar,Namibia,Nauru,Netherlands,New Zealand,Nicaragua,Nigeria,Niue,Norway,Oman,Pakistan,Palau,Panama,Papua New Guinea,Peru,Philippines,Poland,Portugal,Qatar,Republic of Korea,Romenia,Russia,Saint Kitts and Nevis,Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,Samoa,Saudi Arabia,Senegal,Serbia,Seychelles,Sierra Leone,Singapore,Slovenia,Solomon Islands,Somalia,South Africa,Spain,Sri Lanka,Sudan,Suriname,Sweden,Switzerland,Syrian,Thailand,Timor-Leste,Togo,Tonga,Trinidad & Tobago,Tunisia,Turkey,Turkmenistan,Tuvalu,Ukraine,United Arab Emirates,United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania,United States of America,Uruguay,Vanuatu,Venezuela,Vietnam,Yemen

Time Frame: 1999-Ongoing

Description:

OBIS is a global open-access data and information clearing-house on marine biodiversity for science, conservation and sustainable development. Its vsion is to be the most comprehensive gateway to the world?s ocean biodiversity and biogeographic data and information required to address pressing coastal and world ocean concerns. Its mission is to build and maintain a global alliance that collaborates with scientific communities to facilitate free and open access to, and application of, biodiversity and biogeographic data and information on marine life. More than 20 OBIS nodes around the world connect 500 institutions from 56 countries. Collectively, they have provided over 45 million observations of nearly 120 000 marine species, from Bacteria to Whales, from the surface to 10 900 meters depth, and from the Tropics to the Poles. The datasets are integrated so you can search and map them all seamlessly by species name, higher taxonomic level, geographic area, depth, time and environmental parameters. OBIS emanates from the Census of Marine Life (2000-2010) and was adopted as a project under IOC-UNESCO?s International Oceanographic Data and Information (IODE) programme in 2009. The objectives of OBIS are: (1) Provide world?s largest scientific knowledge base on the diversity, distribution and abundance of all marine organisms in an integrated and standardized format (as a contribution to Aichi biodiversity target 19); (2) Facilitate the integration of biogeographic information with physical and chemical environmental data, to facilitate climate change studies; (3) Contribute to a concerted global approach to marine biodiversity and ecosystem monitoring, through guidelines on standards and best practices, including globally agreed Essential Ocean Variables, observing plans, and indicators in collaboration with other IOC programs; (4) Support the assessment of the state of marine biological diversity to better inform policy makers, and respond to the needs of regional and global processes such as the UN World Ocean Assessment (WOA) and the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES); (5) Provide data, information and tools to support the identification of biologically important marine and coastal habitats for the development of marine spatial plans and other area-based management plans (e.g. for the identification of Ecologically or Biologically Significant marine Areas (EBSAs) under the Convention on Biological Diversity; (6) Increase the institutional and professional capacity in marine biodiversity and ecosystem data collection, management, analysis and reporting tools, as part of IOC?s Ocean Teacher Global Academy (OTGA); (7) Provide information and guidance on the use of biodiversity data for education and research and provide state of the art services to society including decision makers; (8) Provide a global platform for international collaboration between national and regional marine biodiversity and ecosystem monitoring programmes, enhancing Member States and global contributions to inter alia, the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) and the Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS).

Contact: Saara Suominen, OBIS secretariat, helpdesk@obis.org

Initiative Website: https://obis.org/