GDP Drifter Data

Data from Global Drifter Program

Initiative Type: Programmes

Belém Statement Area: Ocean Observation, Ocean Technology

Initiative Location: United States of America

Time Frame: Ongoing

Description:

Satellite-tracked drifting buoys ("drifters") collect measurements of upper ocean currents and sea surface temperatures (SST) around the world as part of the Global Drifter Program. Drifter locations are estimated from 16-20 satellite fixes per day, per drifter. The Drifter Data Assembly Center (DAC) at NOAA's Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML) assembles these raw data, applies quality control procedures, and interpolates them via kriging to regular six-hour intervals. The raw observations and processed data are archived at AOML and at the Marine Environmental Data Services (MEDS) in Canada. Two types of data are available: "metadata" contains deployment location and time, time of drogue (sea anchor) loss, date of final transmission, etc. for each drifter. "Interpolated data" contains the quality-controlled, interpolated drifter observations. The Global Drifter Program (GDP) is the principle component of the Global Surface Drifting Buoy Array, a branch of NOAA's Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) and a scientific project of the Data Buoy Cooperation Panel (DBCP). Its objectives are to: 1. Maintain a global 5x5 degree array of ~1300 satellite-tracked surface drifting buoys to meet the need for an accurate and globally dense set of in-situ observations of mixed layer currents, sea surface temperature, atmospheric pressure, winds and salinity, and 2. Provide a data processing system for scientific use of these data.

Contact: Dr. Rick Lumpkin, Global Drifter Program National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Rick.Lumpkin@noaa.gov

Initiative Website: https://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/gdp/data.php